The role of nocturia in the quality of life of men with lower urinary tract symptoms

M.M. Van Dijk, H. Wijkstra, F.M. Debruyne, J.J.M.C.H. De La Rosette, M.C. Michel

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44 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives To determine the role of treatment-associated improvement in nocturia in health-related quality of life (HRQL) in patients with lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) suggestive of benign prostatic hyperplasia, and secondarily to confirm the role of nocturia in HRQL at baseline and to compare the effects of watchful waiting, transurethral microwave treatment (TUMT) and transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP) to those of α 1- adrenoceptor antagonists (α-blockers) on nocturia. Patients and Methods We retrospectively analysed using multiple regression a large single-centre database of patients receiving routine care for treatment-associated alterations of symptoms and HRQL (assessed at baseline, 2611 men) and 6-12 months after initiation of treatment (1258 men). Results Among the symptoms assessed using the International Prostate Symptom Score, nocturia (together with urgency and weak stream) had the strongest correlation with HRQL at baseline and after treatment. Watchful waiting, α-blockers, TUMT and TURP reduced nocturia episodes by a mean (sd) of 7 (53)%, 17 (40)%, 32 (47)% and 75 (23)%, respectively. The treatment-associated improvements in nocturia (together with those of weak stream) had the strongest association with those of HRQL. ConclusionS We conclude that among all LUTS assessed in the IPSS, nocturia has one of the strongest associations with HRQL, and that treatment-associated improvements in nocturia contribute considerably to overall improvements in HRQL.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1141-1146
Number of pages6
JournalBJU International
Volume105
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2010

Keywords

  • α -adrenoceptor antagonist
  • BPH
  • Nocturia
  • Quality of life
  • Transurethral microwave thermotherapy
  • TURP

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