The role of elongational viscosity in the mechanism of drag reduction by polymer additives

J.M.J. Toonder, den, F.T.M. Nieuwstadt, G.D.C. Kuiken

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

37 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The role of elongational viscosity in the mechanism of drag reduction by polymer additives is investigated qualitatively by means of direct numerical simulations of a turbulent pipe flow. For the polymer solution, a generalised Newtonian constitutive model is utilised in which the viscosity depends on the second and third invariant of the rate-of-strain tensor via an elongation parameter. This elongation parameter is capable of identifying elongational type of regions within the flow. The simulations show that complementary to stretching of the polymers, also compression must be incorporated to have drag reduction, contrary to many suggestions done in the literature on the mechanism which assume that stretching of the polymers is most important.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)95-123
Number of pages29
JournalApplied Scientific Research
Volume54
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1995

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