The role of adsorbates in the electrochemical oxidation of ammonia on noble and transition metal electrodes

A.C.A. Vooys, de, M.T.M. Koper, R.A. Santen, van, J.A.R. Veen, van

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

233 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The activity for ammonia oxidation and the intermediates formed during the reaction have been studied on platinum, palladium, rhodium, ruthenium, iridium, copper, silver and gold electrodes. The activity in the selective oxidation to N-2 is related directly to the nature of the species at the surface: the electrode is active if NHads (or NH2,ads) is present and deactivates when N-ads is present. The potential at which NHads or N-ads is formed is metal dependent. The observed trend in the strength of adsorption of N-ads is Ru > Ph > Pd > Ir > Pt much greater than Au, Ag, Cu. This trend corresponds well with the trend observed in the calculated heat of adsorption of atomic nitrogen, with iridium being an exception. Platinum is the best catalyst for this reaction because N-ads is formed at high potential, compared to rhodium and palladium, but seems to stabilize NHads rather well. Gold, silver and copper do not form NHads or N-ads, and show only an activity when the surface becomes oxidized. The metal electrodissolution is enhanced by ammonia under these conditions. Most metals produce oxygen- containing products, like NO and N2O, at potentials where the surface becomes oxidized. (C) 2001 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)127-137
JournalJournal of Electroanalytical Chemistry
Volume506
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2001

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'The role of adsorbates in the electrochemical oxidation of ammonia on noble and transition metal electrodes'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this