We developed a semi-automated algorithm for the detection of cortical interruptions in finger joints using high-resolution peripheral quantitative computed tomography (HR-pQCT). Here, we tested its reliability compared to microCT (µCT) as gold standard. Nineteen joints of 10 female anatomic index fingers were imaged by HR-pQCT and µCT (82 and 18 µm isotropic voxel sizes, respectively). The algorithm was applied for detection of cortical interruptions of different minimum diameters (range >0.16 to >0.50 mm). Reliability was tested at the joint level with intra-class correlation coefficient (ICC) for the number of interruptions and interruption surface, and at the level of a single interruption for matching between HR-pQCT and µCT with a fixed interruption diameter (>0.10 mm) on µCT. The positive predictive value (PPV0.10mm) and sensitivity0.10mm were evaluated. The mean number of interruptions per joint depended on the diameter cut-off and ranged from 3.4 to 53.5 on HR-pQCT and from 1.8 to 45.1 on µCT for interruptions >0.50 to >0.16 mm, respectively. Reliability at the joint level was almost perfect (ICC ≥0.81) for both the number and surface of interruptions >0.16 and >0.33 mm. As expected, the PPV0.10mm increased with increasing interruption diameter from 84.9 to 100%, for interruptions >0.16 and >0.50 mm, respectively. However, the sensitivity0.10mm decreased with increasing interruption diameter from 62.4 to 4.7%. This semi-automated algorithm for HR-pQCT in finger joints performed best for the detection of cortical interruptions with a minimum diameter of >0.16 or >0.33 mm, showing almost perfect reliability at the joint level and interruptions matched with those on µCT.
- Journal Article