The propagation and interaction of supraharmonics from electric vehicle chargers in a low-voltage grid

Tim Slangen (Corresponding author), Thijs van Wijk, Vladimir Cuk, J.F.G. (Sjef) Cobben

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)


The recent increase in large converter-based devices like electric vehicles and photovoltaics increases supraharmonic emissions in low-voltage grids, potentially affecting customer equipment and the grid. This paper aims to give an overview of the different factors influencing supraharmonic emissions from electric vehicles and studies the propagation of supraharmonic currents through a small, low-voltage grid. Measurements in an unique lab representing a possible future household gave valuable insight on the possible developments in primary and secondary supraharmonic emissions in a conventional or power-electronic-dominated system. Emission is, for some vehicles, influenced by the type of grid connection, whereas others show no difference in emission. The supraharmonic currents mainly stay within the local installation due to absorption of nearby devices. The level of voltage distortion is dependent on the connection impedance. During the measurements, another type of interaction between devices is observed in the form of “frequency beating” and intermodulation, in some cases resulting in the tripping of residual current devices. This interaction is further analyzed in order to better understand the possible impact it can have on the grid.
Original languageEnglish
Article number3865
Number of pages20
Issue number15
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2020


  • electric vehicles
  • frequency beating
  • harmonic distortion
  • microgrid
  • power quality
  • supraharmonics
  • Frequency beating
  • Microgrid
  • Power quality
  • Electric vehicles
  • Supraharmonics
  • Harmonic distortion


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