# The monic rank

Arthur Bik, Jan Draisma, Alessandro Oneto, Emanuele Ventura

We introduce the monic rank of a vector relative to an affine-hyperplane section of an irreducible Zariski-closed affine cone $X$. We show that the monic rank is finite and greater than or equal to the usual $X$-rank. We describe an algorithmic technique based on classical invariant theory to determine, in concrete situations, the maximal monic rank. Using this technique, we establish three new instances of a conjecture due to B. Shapiro which states that a binary form of degree $d\cdot e$ is the sum of $d$ $d$th powers of forms of degree $e$. Furthermore, in the case where $X$ is the cone of highest weight vectors in an irreducible representation--this includes the well-known cases of tensor rank and symmetric rank--we raise the question whether the maximal rank equals the maximal monic rank. We answer this question affirmatively in several instances.