The membrane-assisted chemical looping reforming concept for efficient H2 production with inherent CO2 capture: Experimental demonstration and model validation

J. A. Medrano, I. Potdar, J. Melendez, V. Spallina, D. A. Pacheco-Tanaka, M. van Sint Annaland, F. Gallucci

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Abstract

In this work a novel reactor concept referred to as Membrane-Assisted Chemical Looping Reforming (MA-CLR) has been demonstrated at lab scale under different operating conditions for a total working time of about 100 h. This reactor combines the advantages of Chemical Looping, such as CO2 capture and good thermal integration, with membrane technology for a better process integration and direct product separation in a single unit, which in its turn leads to increased efficiencies and important benefits compared to conventional technologies for H2 production. The effect of different operating conditions (i.e. temperature, steam-to-carbon ratio or oxygen feed in the reactor) has been evaluated in a continuous chemical looping reactor, and methane conversions above 90% have been measured with (ultra-pure) hydrogen recovery from the membranes. For all the cases a maximum recovery factor of around 30% has been measured, which could be increased by operating the concept at higher pressures and with more membranes. The optimum conditions have been found at temperatures around 600 °C for a steam-to-carbon ratio of 3 and diluted air in the air reactor (5% O2). The complete demonstration has been carried out feeding up to 1 L/min of CH4 (corresponding to 0.6 kW of thermal input) while up to 1.15 L/min of H2 was recovered. Simultaneously, a phenomenological model has been developed and validated with the experimental results. In general, good agreement is observed, with overall deviations below 10% in terms of methane conversion, H2 recovery and separation factor. The model allows better understanding of the behavior of the MA-CLR concept and the optimization and design of scaled-up versions of the concept.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)75-86
Number of pages12
JournalApplied Energy
Volume215
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2018

Keywords

  • Chemical Looping
  • H production
  • Membrane reactor
  • Steam methane reforming

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