The influence of molecular gases and analytes on excitation mechanisms in atmospheric microwave sustained argon plasmas

E.A.H. Timmermans, I.A.J. Thomas, J. Jonkers, A. Hartgers, J.J.A.M. Mullen, van der

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Abstract

The effect of introducing molecular compounds into argon plasmas has been studied using an expanding microwave induced plasma at atmospheric pressure. Besides the use of optical emission spectroscopy (OES), also the time dependent behavior of line intensities during power interruptions has been studied. From the measurements it is found that even an injection of small amounts of molecular compounds (> 0.5%) leads to important changes in excitation mechanisms in the plasma. It is also found that in the recombination zone downstream in the plasma an excitation mechanism which is independent of the electron density, e.g. excitation transfer from metastables or Penning ionization, must be responsible for the excitation of analytes.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)440-446
JournalFresenius' Journal of Analytical Chemistry
Volume362
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1998

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