The influence of hydrogen bonding on the preparation and mechanical properties of PS-diblock copolymer blends

I.A. Casteren, van, R.A.M. Trier, van, J.G.P. Goossens, H.E.H. Meijer, P.J. Lemstra

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this article, the prepn. of nanosized core-shell particles to induce ductility in polystyrene (PS) is described. FTIR spectroscopy, solid-state NMR spectroscopy, and DSC were used to examine the extent of miscibility of PS and poly(butylacrylate)-b-polyolefin diblock copolymers in a blend in which PS was chem. modified by copolymn. with 0.5-5 mol % of p-(hexafluoro-2-hydroxy isopropyl) styrene (HFS). Hydrogen bonding between the hydroxyl-groups and the carbonyl-groups of polybutylacrylate enhanced the miscibility and lead to randomly distributed polyolefin particles surrounded by a homogeneous PBA/PS matrix. Morphol. parameters such as the size of the dispersed phase or extent of interpenetration between the components are controllable simply by changing the amt. of interacting groups in the blend. The mech. properties of the prepd. blends were also studied. The intrinsic deformation behavior was investigated by compression tests, whereas the microscopic mode of deformation was studied by time-resolved small-angle X-ray scattering. It was shown that the macroscopic strain at break depends to a large extent on the diblock copolymer content and the degree of demixing between the rubber shell and PS matrix. Brittle behavior was obsd. for PS blends that contain more than 3 mol % HFS and show complete miscibility between the PS matrix and acrylate shell. For the blends showing partial miscibility, the compression tests demonstrated a pronounced decrease in strain softening with increasing diblock copolymer concn. Furthermore, it was illustrated that dependent on the degree of demixing the microscopic deformation mode changes from crazing to cavitation induced shear yielding.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2137-2160
Number of pages24
JournalJournal of Polymer Science, Part B: Polymer Physics
Volume42
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2004

Fingerprint

Polystyrenes
Block copolymers
polystyrene
copolymers
Hydrogen bonds
mechanical properties
Mechanical properties
preparation
hydrogen
solubility
Solubility
compression tests
Polyolefins
matrices
Crazing
Styrene
surface cracks
Rubber
acrylates
cavitation flow

Cite this

Casteren, van, I. A., Trier, van, R. A. M., Goossens, J. G. P., Meijer, H. E. H., & Lemstra, P. J. (2004). The influence of hydrogen bonding on the preparation and mechanical properties of PS-diblock copolymer blends. Journal of Polymer Science, Part B: Polymer Physics, 42(11), 2137-2160. https://doi.org/10.1002/polb.20094
Casteren, van, I.A. ; Trier, van, R.A.M. ; Goossens, J.G.P. ; Meijer, H.E.H. ; Lemstra, P.J. / The influence of hydrogen bonding on the preparation and mechanical properties of PS-diblock copolymer blends. In: Journal of Polymer Science, Part B: Polymer Physics. 2004 ; Vol. 42, No. 11. pp. 2137-2160.
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The influence of hydrogen bonding on the preparation and mechanical properties of PS-diblock copolymer blends. / Casteren, van, I.A.; Trier, van, R.A.M.; Goossens, J.G.P.; Meijer, H.E.H.; Lemstra, P.J.

In: Journal of Polymer Science, Part B: Polymer Physics, Vol. 42, No. 11, 2004, p. 2137-2160.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - The influence of hydrogen bonding on the preparation and mechanical properties of PS-diblock copolymer blends

AU - Casteren, van, I.A.

AU - Trier, van, R.A.M.

AU - Goossens, J.G.P.

AU - Meijer, H.E.H.

AU - Lemstra, P.J.

PY - 2004

Y1 - 2004

N2 - In this article, the prepn. of nanosized core-shell particles to induce ductility in polystyrene (PS) is described. FTIR spectroscopy, solid-state NMR spectroscopy, and DSC were used to examine the extent of miscibility of PS and poly(butylacrylate)-b-polyolefin diblock copolymers in a blend in which PS was chem. modified by copolymn. with 0.5-5 mol % of p-(hexafluoro-2-hydroxy isopropyl) styrene (HFS). Hydrogen bonding between the hydroxyl-groups and the carbonyl-groups of polybutylacrylate enhanced the miscibility and lead to randomly distributed polyolefin particles surrounded by a homogeneous PBA/PS matrix. Morphol. parameters such as the size of the dispersed phase or extent of interpenetration between the components are controllable simply by changing the amt. of interacting groups in the blend. The mech. properties of the prepd. blends were also studied. The intrinsic deformation behavior was investigated by compression tests, whereas the microscopic mode of deformation was studied by time-resolved small-angle X-ray scattering. It was shown that the macroscopic strain at break depends to a large extent on the diblock copolymer content and the degree of demixing between the rubber shell and PS matrix. Brittle behavior was obsd. for PS blends that contain more than 3 mol % HFS and show complete miscibility between the PS matrix and acrylate shell. For the blends showing partial miscibility, the compression tests demonstrated a pronounced decrease in strain softening with increasing diblock copolymer concn. Furthermore, it was illustrated that dependent on the degree of demixing the microscopic deformation mode changes from crazing to cavitation induced shear yielding.

AB - In this article, the prepn. of nanosized core-shell particles to induce ductility in polystyrene (PS) is described. FTIR spectroscopy, solid-state NMR spectroscopy, and DSC were used to examine the extent of miscibility of PS and poly(butylacrylate)-b-polyolefin diblock copolymers in a blend in which PS was chem. modified by copolymn. with 0.5-5 mol % of p-(hexafluoro-2-hydroxy isopropyl) styrene (HFS). Hydrogen bonding between the hydroxyl-groups and the carbonyl-groups of polybutylacrylate enhanced the miscibility and lead to randomly distributed polyolefin particles surrounded by a homogeneous PBA/PS matrix. Morphol. parameters such as the size of the dispersed phase or extent of interpenetration between the components are controllable simply by changing the amt. of interacting groups in the blend. The mech. properties of the prepd. blends were also studied. The intrinsic deformation behavior was investigated by compression tests, whereas the microscopic mode of deformation was studied by time-resolved small-angle X-ray scattering. It was shown that the macroscopic strain at break depends to a large extent on the diblock copolymer content and the degree of demixing between the rubber shell and PS matrix. Brittle behavior was obsd. for PS blends that contain more than 3 mol % HFS and show complete miscibility between the PS matrix and acrylate shell. For the blends showing partial miscibility, the compression tests demonstrated a pronounced decrease in strain softening with increasing diblock copolymer concn. Furthermore, it was illustrated that dependent on the degree of demixing the microscopic deformation mode changes from crazing to cavitation induced shear yielding.

U2 - 10.1002/polb.20094

DO - 10.1002/polb.20094

M3 - Article

VL - 42

SP - 2137

EP - 2160

JO - Journal of Polymer Science, Part B: Polymer Physics

JF - Journal of Polymer Science, Part B: Polymer Physics

SN - 0887-6266

IS - 11

ER -