The influence of heat on the 3D-transition of the von Karman vortex street

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Abstract

The wake behind a horizontally mounted heated cylinder with circular cross-section is visualised using an electrochemical tin precipitation method. In the experiments ReD and RiD, both based on main stream properties, were set to 117 and varied between 0 and 1.5, respectively. The wake becomes 3D from RiD˜0.3. For small Richardson values (RiD1), the upward buoyancy force seems to prevent the formation of the coherent vortex structures and the plumes are already formed close behind the cylinder. The spanwise positions at which the plumes originate, are determined by the occurrence of 3D flow structures at the rear end of the cylinder. The distance between these structures is typically 1.8D and independent of the Richardson number.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3069-3081
Number of pages13
JournalInternational Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer
Volume46
Issue number16
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2003

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