The impact of vehicle appearance and vehicle behavior on pedestrian interaction with autonomous vehicles

D. Dey, M. Martens, J.H. Eggen, J.M.B. Terken

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademicpeer-review

    40 Citations (Scopus)
    1 Downloads (Pure)


    In this paper, we present the preliminary results of a study that aims to investigate the role of an approaching vehicle’s behavior and outer appearance in determining pedestrians’ decisions while crossing a street. Concerning appearance, some vehicles are designed to look more assertive than others, and it is believed that vehicle appearance may reflect the driver’s social behavior in traffic. In the case of autonomous vehicles, since the human driver no longer controls the vehicle’s action, the question arises whether pedestrians treat autonomous and manually-driven vehicles differently when deciding to cross the street. We devised an experiment to determine the impact of the behavioral and physical attributes of a vehicle on pedestrians’ road-crossing decisions, both for manually-driven and autonomous vehicles. Preliminary results show that in both cases, distance and speed play a dominant role in pedestrians’ decision to cross a road when compared to the vehicle’s size and appearance.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationAutomotiveUI '17 Proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Automotive User Interfaces and Interactive Vehicular Applications Adjunct, 24-27 September 2017, Oldenbourg, Germany
    Place of PublicationNew York
    PublisherAssociation for Computing Machinery, Inc
    Number of pages5
    ISBN (Electronic)978-1-4503-5151-5
    Publication statusPublished - 24 Sept 2017


    • Autonomous vehicles
    • Pedestrian behavior
    • Pedestrians
    • Road crossing behavior
    • Vehicle appearance
    • Vehicle behavior


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