The impact of job and family demands on partner's fatigue: a study of Japanese dual-earner parents

M. Watanabe, A. Shimazu, A. Bakker, E. Demerouti, K. Shimada, N. Kawakami

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6 Citations (Scopus)
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This study of Japanese dual-earner couples examined the impact of family and job demands on one’s own and one’s partner’s fatigue as well as gender differences in these effects.


A total of 2,502 parents (1,251 couples) were surveyed using a self-administered questionnaire. A crossover model was tested using structural equation modeling.


The results of structural equation modeling analyses showed that both job and family demands independently exacerbated fatigue. There was an indirect effect of job and family demands on partner fatigue through one’s own fatigue only from husbands to wives. An indirect effect of job demands on partner fatigue through partner’s family demands was identified only from wives to husbands. Furthermore, there were gender differences in the crossover of fatigue.


This study shows that job and family demands influence family circumstances. When considering means to reduce employees’ fatigue, gender differences in the mechanism of fatigue need to be taken into account.
Original languageEnglish
Article numbere0172291
Number of pages12
JournalPLoS ONE
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2017


  • Adult
  • Emotions
  • Employment/psychology
  • Fatigue/psychology
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Income
  • Interpersonal Relations
  • Japan
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Personal Satisfaction
  • Spouses/psychology
  • Stress, Psychological
  • Surveys and Questionnaires


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