The Eye of the Tornado - An isolated, high-mass young stellar object near the Galactic Centre

M. G. Burton, J. S. Lazendic, F. Yusef-Zadeh, M. Wardle

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)


We present infrared (Anglo-Australian Telescope, United Kingdom Infrared Telescope) and radio (Very Large Array, Swedish-ESO Submillimetre Telescope) observations of the Eye of the Tornado, a compact source apparently near the head of the Tornado Nebula. The near-infrared Bry and He I lines are broad (full width at half maximum of 40 and 30 km s-1, respectively) and have a line centre at VLSR ∼ -205 km s-11. This corresponds to a feature at the same velocity in the 12CO J = 1-0 line profile. The kinematic velocity derived from Galactic rotation places the Eye at the distance of the Galactic Centre (i.e. 8.5 kpc) and separated (probably foreground) from the Tornado Nebula. Four knots of emission are seen in the Bry line and at 6 and 20 cm. Together with the flat radio spectral index, we confirm that the Eye contains ionized gas, but that this is embedded within a dense molecular core. The spectral energy distribution can be modelled as a two-component blackbody + greybody, peaking at far-infrared wavelengths. The knots are ultracompact H II regions, and the core contains a luminous (∼2 × 104 L), embedded, massive young stellar source. We also propose a geometrical model for the Eye to account for both its spectral energy distribution and its morphology.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)638-646
Number of pages9
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 21 Feb 2004
Externally publishedYes


  • H II regions
  • ISM: individual: G357.7-0.1
  • ISM: individual: Tornado Nebula
  • ISM: molecules
  • Stars: formation
  • Supernova remnants


Dive into the research topics of 'The Eye of the Tornado - An isolated, high-mass young stellar object near the Galactic Centre'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this