In this paper, we present an enhanced local pressure model for modelling fluid pressure driven fractures in porous saturated materials. Using the partition-of-unity property of finite element shape functions, we describe the displacement and pressure fields across the fracture as a strong discontinuity. We enhance the pressure in the fracture by including an additional degree of freedom. The pressure gradient due to fluid leakage near the fracture surface is reconstructed based on Terzaghi’s consolidation solution. With this numerical formulation we ensure that all fluid flow goes exclusively in the fracture and it is not necessary to use a dense mesh near the fracture to capture the pressure gradient. Fluid flow in the rock formation is described by Darcy’s law. The fracture process is governed by a cohesive traction separation law. The performance of the numerical model for fluid driven fractures is shown in three numerical examples.
|Computer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering
|Published - 2015