The electrochemistry of Pd-coated MgySc(1-y) thin film electrodes : a thermodynamic and kinetic study

R.A.H. Niessen, P. Vermeulen, P.H.L. Notten

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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Abstract

The thermodynamic and kinetic properties of Pd-coated MgySc(1 - y) thin film electrodes are investigated. These thin film electrodes can be described as a two-layer structure, in which the Pd and MgySc(1 - y) layer contribute to the overall electrochemical response. In order to identify the response of the Pd layer in the two-layer system, thin films consisting of solely Pd, with identical thickness and orientation, were measured. Based on the fact that the chemical potentials of the individual layers of the Pd-coated MgySc(1 - y) thin films are equal at equilibrium, the exact hydrogen concentration in each layer could be determined. It is shown that during the major part of the hydrogen extraction process of the MgySc(1 - y) thin films, the composition of the Pd topcoat is close to PdH0.001. The kinetics of the surface reactions was investigated using electrochemical impedance spectroscopy and showed that, when cross-correlating the results of MgySc(1 - y) thin films (y = 0.65 - 0.85) and pure Pd films, the surface kinetics are completely dominated by the Pd topcoat. Additionally, it was shown that the charge transfer reaction, and not the absorption reaction is the rate-determining step. The impedance response, dominating the overall kinetic impedance at the hydrogen-depleted state, could be linked to the transfer of hydrogen across the Pd/MgySc(1 - y) interface in the two-layer thin film electrode
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2427-2436
Number of pages10
JournalElectrochimica Acta
Volume51
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2005

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