The effects of enrichment by H2 on propagation speeds in adiabatic flat and cellular premixed flames of CH4 + O2 + CO2

F.H.V. Coppens, A.A. Konnov

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    Abstract

    AbstractExperimental studies of adiabatic flat and cellular premixed flames of (CH4 + H2) + (O2 + CO2) are presented. The hydrogen content in the fuel was varied from 0% to 35% and the oxygen content in the oxidizer was 31.55%. These mixtures could be formed when oxy-fuel combustion technology is combined with hydrogen enrichment. Non-stretched flames were stabilized at atmospheric pressure on a perforated plate burner. A heat flux method was used to determine propagation speeds under conditions when the net heat loss of the flame is zero. Adiabatic burning velocities of methane + hydrogen + carbon dioxide + oxygen mixtures were found in satisfactory agreement with the detailed kinetic modeling employing the Konnov mechanism. Under specific experimental conditions the flames become cellular; this leads to significant modification of the flame propagation speed. The onset of cellularity was observed throughout the stoichiometric range of the mixtures studied. Visual and photographic observations of the flames were performed to quantify their cellular structure. The results obtained in the present work in (CH4 + H2) + O2 + CO2 mixtures are in good accordance with the previous observations for different fuels, CH4, C2H6 and C3H8. The enrichment by hydrogen leads to: the increase of the laminar burning velocities; the increase of the number of cells observed; the decrease of the mean cell diameter. The flame acceleration due to cellularity was not affected by the hydrogen enrichment.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)2866-2870
    JournalFuel
    Volume87
    Issue number13-14
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2008

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