The Effects of a New Wireless Non-Adhesive Cardiorespiratory Monitoring Device on the Skin Conditions of Preterm Infants

Carmen M Lorente Flores, Zhuozhao Zhan, Anouk W J Scholten, Gerard J Hutten, Marieke Vervoorn, Hendrik J Niemarkt (Corresponding author)

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AIM: The aim of our study was to investigate skin conditions when wearing and removing a novel wireless non-adhesive cardiorespiratory monitoring device for neonates (Bambi-Belt) compared to standard adhesive electrodes.

STUDY DESIGN: This was a prospective study including preterm neonates requiring cardiorespiratory monitoring. Besides standard electrodes, the infants wore a Bambi Belt for 10 consecutive days. Their skin conditions were assessed using Trans Epidermal Water Loss (TEWL) and the Neonatal Skin Condition Score (NSCS) after daily belt and standard electrode removal. The ∆TEWL was calculated as the difference between the TEWL at the device's location (Bambi-Belt/standard electrode) and the adjacent control skin location, with a higher ∆TEWL indicating skin damage.

RESULTS: A total of 15 infants (gestational age (GA): 24.1-35.6 wk) were analyzed. The ΔTEWL significantly increased directly after electrode removal (10.95 ± 9.98 g/m2/h) compared to belt removal (5.18 ± 6.71 g/m2/h; F: 8.73, p = 0.004) and after the washout period (3.72 ± 5.46 g/m2/h vs. 1.86 ± 3.35 g/m2/h; F: 2.84, p = 0.09), although the latter did not reach statistical significance. The TEWL was not influenced by prolonged belt wearing. No significant differences in the NSCS score were found between the belt and electrode (OR: 0.69, 95% CI [0.17, 2.88], p = 0.6).

CONCLUSION: A new wireless non-adhesive device for neonatal cardiorespiratory monitoring was well tolerated in preterm infants and may be less damaging during prolonged wearing.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1258
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 16 Feb 2024


  • Humans
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Infant, Premature
  • Prospective Studies
  • Skin
  • Skin Diseases
  • Gestational Age
  • Water
  • skin damage
  • cardiorespiratory monitoring
  • wireless


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