The effect of the position of the methyl group on the helical twisting powers of aldol condensation products of methyl cyclohexanones

J. Lub, W. Ten Hoeve, W.P.M. Nijssen, L. Diaz, R. T. Wegh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The four aldol condensation products of methylcyclohexanone isomers and 4-(4-hexyloxybenzoyloxy)benzaldehyde have been prepared. These chiral products were either obtained with high enantiomeric excess or the enantiomers were separated by means of chiral HPLC. In all cases only the E-isomer was obtained. UV irradiation was used to isomerize the E-isomers to the Z-isomers. Comparison of the helical twisting powers (HTP) of the E-isomers revealed that the derivative in which the methyl group is directly next to the double bond exhibits the highest value. Although the other three E-isomers have lower HTP values, they show large HTP changes and reversal of the helical twist sense upon irradiation. Of these compounds, the one derived from the commercially available (R)-3-methylcyclohexanone is an interesting candidate for use as an alternative to compounds derived from menthone for realizing photochemically induced twist changes in twisted nematic and cholesteric materials.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)995-1000
Number of pages6
JournalLiquid Crystals
Volume29
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 26 Aug 2002
Externally publishedYes

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