The effect of a clinical pharmacist-led training programme on intravenous medication errors : a controlled before and after study

H.-T. Nguyen, H.-T. Pham, D.-K. Vo, T.-D. Nguyen, E.R. Heuvel, van den, F.M. Haaijer-Ruskamp, K. Taxis

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31 Citations (Scopus)
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Abstract

Background. Little is known about interventions to reduce intravenous medication administration errors in hospitals, especially in low- and middle-income countries. Objective. To assess the effect of a clinical pharmacist-led training programme on clinically relevant errors during intravenous medication preparation and administration in a Vietnamese hospital. Methods. A controlled before and after study with baseline and follow-up measurements was conducted in an intensive care unit (ICU) and a post-surgical unit (PSU). The intervention comprised lectures, practical ward-based teaching sessions and protocols/guidelines, and was conducted by a clinical pharmacist and a nurse. Data on intravenous medication preparation and administration errors were collected by direct observation 12 h/day for seven consecutive days. Generalised estimating equations (GEE) were used to assess the effect of the intervention on the prevalence of clinically relevant erroneous doses, corrected for confounding factors. Results. 1204 intravenous doses were included, 516 during the baseline period (236 on ICU and 280 on PSU) and 688 during the follow-up period (407 on ICU and 281 on PSU). The prevalence of clinically relevant erroneous doses decreased significantly on the intervention ward (ICU) from 64.0% to 48.9% (p
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)319-324
Number of pages7
JournalBMJ Quality & Safety
Volume23
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014
Externally publishedYes

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