The direct wave form digital filter structure: an easy alternative for the direct form

J.H.F. Ritzerfeld

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Although the Direct Form is still widely used in IIR digital filter design, this structure is known to have a high coefficient sensitivity and to produce high levels of quantization noise. Even if only second-order sections are used to design higher order filters, the sections with poles close to the unit circle and/or with angles close to 0 or p have unacceptably high noise levels, specifically in fixed-point applications. As an easy alternative for the second-order Direct Form we present the second-order DirectWave Form. Comparable to the Direct Form, this structure uses only five multipliers which are directly linked to the five coefficients of a general second-order transfer function. It is shown how the Direct Wave From can be properly scaled with an L2 scaling measure as well as with the more conservative L1 scaling measure. It is then shown, by looking at the secondorder modes of a general second-order transfer function that the DirectWave Form has a superior noise behaviour that is close to being optimal (within 3dB). The Direct Wave Form is also shown to be overflow stable and free from limit cycles.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 15th ProRISC, Annual Workshop on Circuits, Systems and Signal Processing (ProRISC 2004) 25 - 26 November 2004, Veldhoven, the Netherlands
Place of PublicationUtrecht, the Netherlands
PublisherSTW Technology Foundation
Pages133-137
ISBN (Print)90-73461-43-X
Publication statusPublished - 2004
Event2004 Annual Workshop on Circuits, Systems and Signal Processing (ProRISC 2004) - Veldhoven, Netherlands
Duration: 25 Nov 200426 Nov 2004

Conference

Conference2004 Annual Workshop on Circuits, Systems and Signal Processing (ProRISC 2004)
Abbreviated titleProRISC 2004
CountryNetherlands
CityVeldhoven
Period25/11/0426/11/04

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digital filters
transfer functions
scaling
multipliers
coefficients
poles
filters
cycles
sensitivity

Cite this

Ritzerfeld, J. H. F. (2004). The direct wave form digital filter structure: an easy alternative for the direct form. In Proceedings of the 15th ProRISC, Annual Workshop on Circuits, Systems and Signal Processing (ProRISC 2004) 25 - 26 November 2004, Veldhoven, the Netherlands (pp. 133-137). Utrecht, the Netherlands: STW Technology Foundation.
Ritzerfeld, J.H.F. / The direct wave form digital filter structure: an easy alternative for the direct form. Proceedings of the 15th ProRISC, Annual Workshop on Circuits, Systems and Signal Processing (ProRISC 2004) 25 - 26 November 2004, Veldhoven, the Netherlands. Utrecht, the Netherlands : STW Technology Foundation, 2004. pp. 133-137
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Ritzerfeld, JHF 2004, The direct wave form digital filter structure: an easy alternative for the direct form. in Proceedings of the 15th ProRISC, Annual Workshop on Circuits, Systems and Signal Processing (ProRISC 2004) 25 - 26 November 2004, Veldhoven, the Netherlands. STW Technology Foundation, Utrecht, the Netherlands, pp. 133-137, 2004 Annual Workshop on Circuits, Systems and Signal Processing (ProRISC 2004), Veldhoven, Netherlands, 25/11/04.

The direct wave form digital filter structure: an easy alternative for the direct form. / Ritzerfeld, J.H.F.

Proceedings of the 15th ProRISC, Annual Workshop on Circuits, Systems and Signal Processing (ProRISC 2004) 25 - 26 November 2004, Veldhoven, the Netherlands. Utrecht, the Netherlands : STW Technology Foundation, 2004. p. 133-137.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademicpeer-review

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Ritzerfeld JHF. The direct wave form digital filter structure: an easy alternative for the direct form. In Proceedings of the 15th ProRISC, Annual Workshop on Circuits, Systems and Signal Processing (ProRISC 2004) 25 - 26 November 2004, Veldhoven, the Netherlands. Utrecht, the Netherlands: STW Technology Foundation. 2004. p. 133-137