The design space of shape-changing interfaces: a repertory grid study

M. Kwak, K Hornbæk, P. Markopoulos, M. Bruns

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademicpeer-review

    34 Citations (Scopus)
    351 Downloads (Pure)


    Technologies for shape-changing user interfaces are rapidly evolving, but our understanding of the design space of such interfaces is still limited. We report a repertory grid study that aims to describe the design space from the users' point of view by eliciting personal constructs about shape-change. The study is based on six similar-sized, shape-changing artifacts that combine simple sensing of users with actuation that change volume, texture, and orientation. Our results show that the 18 respondents distinguish artifacts on dimensions that differ from those of most models of shape change. For instance, they characterize shape-change in terms of personality, territoriality, and state of mind, in addition to more common categories such as appearance and product properties. We discuss how the dimensions derived from users might be used to design shape-changing interfaces.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationDIS '14 Proceedings of the 2014 Conference on Designing Interactive Systems, June 21–25, 2014, Vancouver, Canada
    Place of PublicationNew York
    PublisherAssociation for Computing Machinery, Inc
    ISBN (Print)978-1-4503-2902-6
    Publication statusPublished - 2014
    Eventconference; DIS 2014 -
    Duration: 1 Jan 2014 → …


    Conferenceconference; DIS 2014
    Period1/01/14 → …
    OtherDIS 2014


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