The design evolution of the zipper: a patent review

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Cliff is a project which aims to develop an automatized zipper for the zipping and unzipping process. The focus of this study is to visualize the evolution trends of the zipper (slide fastener) since its first invention back in 1851 to 2017. The patent analysis was performed to develop the evolution map based in advance invention. The search has been limited to approved patents in the United States of America and Japan (US & JP) database using the search terms "zipper" and the Cooperative Patent Classification (CPC) of A44B. Total of 940 patent reports were extracted from the Google Patents. The finding shows that the zipper‘s design has evolved from the conventional type to the removable, rollable, adjustable, and currently, the inventions are moving towards designing an automatic slider or even a robotic zipper. This situation is aligned with our direction, mission, and vision to design and develop Cliff as an automatized zipper.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationICIBE 2018 - 2018 4th International Conference on Industrial and Business Engineering
Number of pages7
ISBN (Electronic)978-1-4503-6557-4
Publication statusPublished - 24 Oct 2018
EventICIBE'18 - Macao, Macao
Duration: 24 Oct 201826 Oct 2018

Publication series

NameACM International Conference Proceeding Series




  • patent analysis
  • technology evolution
  • zipper
  • slide fastener
  • Technology evolution
  • Slide fastener
  • Zipper
  • Patent analysis


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