The design and development of domestic smart grid interventions: insights from the Netherlands

N. Verkade, J.I. Höffken

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)
2 Downloads (Pure)


When studying smart grids experiments, much scholarly attention is directed at the household level. This article argues for the importance to look “further upstream” by studying the development and design phase of such interventions. The article focusses on the development of two smart grid projects in the Netherlands. Using a set of qualitative research approaches the article investigates and maps the diversity of actors that are typically involved in smart grid projects. Three themes are identified that play a central role in the design of smart energy interventions. Given the type of actors prominent in the design, this article finds that current smart energy interventions are designed based on decisions favouring technological default, certain sticky user-assumptions, and automated control. The discussion covers some implications of the prominence of these particular actors in smart grid projects, and the supply-side biased design that it engenders.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)799-805
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Cleaner Production
Publication statusPublished - 20 Nov 2018


  • Actor roles
  • Smart grids
  • Smart technology design
  • Transition experiment
  • User framing


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