The demand-control model : specific demands, specific control and well-defined groups

J. Jonge, de, M.F. Dollard, C. Dormann, P.M. Blanc, Le, I.L.D. Houtman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

116 Citations (Scopus)
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Abstract

The purpose of this study was to test the Demand-Control Model (DCM), accompanied by three goals. Firstly, we used alternative, more focused, and multifaceted measures of both job demands and job control that are relevant and applicable to today's working contexts. Secondly, this study intended to focus on particular demands in human services work and to incorporate these demands in the DCM. Finally, this occupation-based study investigated relatively large well-defined subgroups compared to a total sample. Workers from five human service sectors (n = 2,485) were included in a cross-sectional survey (i.e., health care, transport, bank/insurance, retail trade, and warehouse). Results showed that job demands and job control are able to show several interaction effects on employee well-being and health, but only in specific occupational groups. In conclusion, the current findings provide renewed empirical support for the view that high-strain jobs (high demand, low control) are conducive to ill health (i.e., emotional exhaustion, psychosomatic health complaints). Further, it appears that active jobs (high demands, high control) give rise to positive outcomes (i.e., job challenge, job satisfaction).
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)269-287
JournalInternational Journal of Stress Management
Volume7
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2000

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