The Bottlenecks of Cs2AgBiBr6 Solar Cells: How Contacts and Slow Transients Limit the Performance

Maximilian T. Sirtl, Firouzeh Ebadi, Bas T. van Gorkom, Patrick Ganswindt, René A.J. Janssen, Thomas Bein (Corresponding author), Wolfgang Tress (Corresponding author)

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Cs2AgBiBr6 has attracted much interest as a potential lead-free alternative for perovskite solar cells. Although this material offers encouraging optoelectronic features, severe bottlenecks limit the performance of the resulting solar cells to a power conversion efficiency of below 3%. Here, the performance-limiting factors of this material are investigated in full solar cells featuring various architectures. It is found that the photovoltaic parameters of Cs2AgBiBr6-based solar cells strongly depend on the scan speed of the J/V measurements, suggesting a strong impact of ionic conductivity in the material. Moreover, a sign change of the photocurrent for bias voltages above 0.9 V during the measurement of the external quantum efficiency (EQE) is revealed, which can be explained by non-selective contacts. The radiative loss of the VOC from sensitive subgap-EQE measurements is calculated and it is revealed that the loss is caused by a low external luminescence yield and therefore a high non-radiative recombination, supported by the first report of a strongly red shifted electroluminescence signal between 800 and 1000 nm. Altogether, these results point to a poor selectivity of the contacts and charge transport layers, caused by poor energy level alignment that can be overcome by optimizing the architecture of the solar cell.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2100202
JournalAdvanced Optical Materials
Issue number14
Early online date21 Jun 2021
Publication statusPublished - 10 Jul 2021

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was funded by the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF) under the agreement number 03SF0516B, the German Science Foundation (DFG) focus program SPP2196, the DFG project 382633022, the Bavarian Network “Solar Technologies Go Hybrid” (SolTech), and the DFG Excellence Cluster e‐conversion (EXC 2089/1–390776260). This project has received funding from the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement no. 851676 (ERC StGrt) and 795079 (Marie Skłodowska‐Curie).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 The Authors. Advanced Optical Materials published by Wiley-VCH GmbH


  • double perovskites
  • electroluminescence
  • internal quantum efficiency
  • lead-free perovskites
  • perovskite solar cells


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