CFD predictions of flame position, stability and emissions are essential in order to obtain optimized combustor designs in a cost efficient way. However, the numerical modeling of practical combustion systems is a very challenging task. As a matter of fact, the use of detailed reaction mechanisms is necessary for such reliable predictions. Unfortunately, the modeling of the full detail of practical combustion equipment is currently prohibited by the limitations in computing power, given the large number of species and reactions involved. The Flamelet-Generated Manifold (FGM) method reduces these computational costs by several orders of magnitude without loosing too much accuracy. Hereby FGM enables the application of reliable chemistry mechanisms in CFD simulations of combustion processes. In the present paper a computational analysis of partially premixed non-adiabatic flames is presented. In this scope, chemistry is reduced by the use of the FGM method. In the FGM technique the progress of the flame is generally described by a few control variables. For each control variable a transport equation is solved during run-time. The flamelet system is computed in a pre-processing stage, and a manifold with all the information about combustion is stored in a tabulated form. This research applies the FGM chemistry reduction method to describe partially premixed flames in combination with heat loss, which is a relevant condition for stationary gas turbine combustors. In order to take this into account, in the present implementation the reaction evolution is described by the reaction progress variable, the heat loss is described by the enthalpy and the local equivalence ratio effect on the reaction is represented by the mixture fraction. A series of test simulations is performed for a two dimensional geometry, characterized by a distinctive stratified methane/air inlet, and compared with detailed chemistry simulations. The results indicate that detailed simulations are reproduced in an excellent way with FGM.
|Title of host publication||Proceedings of the ASME Turbo Expo 2014: Turbine Technical Conference and Exposition (GT2014), June 16-20, 2014, Dusseldorf, Germany|
|Publisher||American Society of Mechanical Engineers|
|Publication status||Published - 2014|