The active site of promoted ethylene-epoxidation catalysts

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Abstract

The cooperative effect of chlorine moderation and alkali promotion on the initial selectivity of silver-catalysed epoxidation of ethylene have been investigated. To this end a study was made of the conversion ethylene catalysed by silver doped with alkali and non-doped in the presence and absence of chlorine. The silver powders were characterized by temperature programmed reduction as well as by oxygen adsorption studies. Also, the exchange reaction of C2H40 and C2D4 was studied. The data were interpreted with the epoxidation model according to which the elementary step of the selective reaction is electrophylic attack of an adsorbed oxygen atom to the pi-bond of ethylene and the non-selective reaction occurs by electro-positive attack of a different atomic oxygen species to the CH bond of ethylene. The role of alkali appears to be stabilization of that silver oxychloride phase that contains predominantly atomic electrophilic oxygen.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationCatalysis: Theory to Practice : Proceedings 9th international Congress on Catalysis. Volume 3: Characterization and Metal Catalysts
EditorsM.J. Phillips, M. Ternan
Place of PublicationOttawa
PublisherChemical Institute of Canada
Pages1152-1158
Publication statusPublished - 1988
Event9th International Congress on Catalysis (9th ICC), June 27-July 1, 1988, Calgary, Canada - Calgary, Canada
Duration: 27 Jun 19881 Jul 1988

Conference

Conference9th International Congress on Catalysis (9th ICC), June 27-July 1, 1988, Calgary, Canada
Abbreviated title9th ICC
CountryCanada
CityCalgary
Period27/06/881/07/88

Fingerprint

Epoxidation
Silver
Alkalies
Oxygen
Catalysts
Chlorine
Powders
Stabilization
Adsorption
Atoms
ethylene
Temperature

Cite this

Santen, van, R. A. (1988). The active site of promoted ethylene-epoxidation catalysts. In M. J. Phillips, & M. Ternan (Eds.), Catalysis: Theory to Practice : Proceedings 9th international Congress on Catalysis. Volume 3: Characterization and Metal Catalysts (pp. 1152-1158). [148-B4] Ottawa: Chemical Institute of Canada.
Santen, van, R.A. / The active site of promoted ethylene-epoxidation catalysts. Catalysis: Theory to Practice : Proceedings 9th international Congress on Catalysis. Volume 3: Characterization and Metal Catalysts. editor / M.J. Phillips ; M. Ternan. Ottawa : Chemical Institute of Canada, 1988. pp. 1152-1158
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title = "The active site of promoted ethylene-epoxidation catalysts",
abstract = "The cooperative effect of chlorine moderation and alkali promotion on the initial selectivity of silver-catalysed epoxidation of ethylene have been investigated. To this end a study was made of the conversion ethylene catalysed by silver doped with alkali and non-doped in the presence and absence of chlorine. The silver powders were characterized by temperature programmed reduction as well as by oxygen adsorption studies. Also, the exchange reaction of C2H40 and C2D4 was studied. The data were interpreted with the epoxidation model according to which the elementary step of the selective reaction is electrophylic attack of an adsorbed oxygen atom to the pi-bond of ethylene and the non-selective reaction occurs by electro-positive attack of a different atomic oxygen species to the CH bond of ethylene. The role of alkali appears to be stabilization of that silver oxychloride phase that contains predominantly atomic electrophilic oxygen.",
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year = "1988",
language = "English",
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Santen, van, RA 1988, The active site of promoted ethylene-epoxidation catalysts. in MJ Phillips & M Ternan (eds), Catalysis: Theory to Practice : Proceedings 9th international Congress on Catalysis. Volume 3: Characterization and Metal Catalysts., 148-B4, Chemical Institute of Canada, Ottawa, pp. 1152-1158, 9th International Congress on Catalysis (9th ICC), June 27-July 1, 1988, Calgary, Canada, Calgary, Canada, 27/06/88.

The active site of promoted ethylene-epoxidation catalysts. / Santen, van, R.A.

Catalysis: Theory to Practice : Proceedings 9th international Congress on Catalysis. Volume 3: Characterization and Metal Catalysts. ed. / M.J. Phillips; M. Ternan. Ottawa : Chemical Institute of Canada, 1988. p. 1152-1158 148-B4.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademicpeer-review

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T1 - The active site of promoted ethylene-epoxidation catalysts

AU - Santen, van, R.A.

PY - 1988

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N2 - The cooperative effect of chlorine moderation and alkali promotion on the initial selectivity of silver-catalysed epoxidation of ethylene have been investigated. To this end a study was made of the conversion ethylene catalysed by silver doped with alkali and non-doped in the presence and absence of chlorine. The silver powders were characterized by temperature programmed reduction as well as by oxygen adsorption studies. Also, the exchange reaction of C2H40 and C2D4 was studied. The data were interpreted with the epoxidation model according to which the elementary step of the selective reaction is electrophylic attack of an adsorbed oxygen atom to the pi-bond of ethylene and the non-selective reaction occurs by electro-positive attack of a different atomic oxygen species to the CH bond of ethylene. The role of alkali appears to be stabilization of that silver oxychloride phase that contains predominantly atomic electrophilic oxygen.

AB - The cooperative effect of chlorine moderation and alkali promotion on the initial selectivity of silver-catalysed epoxidation of ethylene have been investigated. To this end a study was made of the conversion ethylene catalysed by silver doped with alkali and non-doped in the presence and absence of chlorine. The silver powders were characterized by temperature programmed reduction as well as by oxygen adsorption studies. Also, the exchange reaction of C2H40 and C2D4 was studied. The data were interpreted with the epoxidation model according to which the elementary step of the selective reaction is electrophylic attack of an adsorbed oxygen atom to the pi-bond of ethylene and the non-selective reaction occurs by electro-positive attack of a different atomic oxygen species to the CH bond of ethylene. The role of alkali appears to be stabilization of that silver oxychloride phase that contains predominantly atomic electrophilic oxygen.

M3 - Conference contribution

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BT - Catalysis: Theory to Practice : Proceedings 9th international Congress on Catalysis. Volume 3: Characterization and Metal Catalysts

A2 - Phillips, M.J.

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Santen, van RA. The active site of promoted ethylene-epoxidation catalysts. In Phillips MJ, Ternan M, editors, Catalysis: Theory to Practice : Proceedings 9th international Congress on Catalysis. Volume 3: Characterization and Metal Catalysts. Ottawa: Chemical Institute of Canada. 1988. p. 1152-1158. 148-B4