Testing of a high temperature radiatively cooled Li/Ta heat pipe in Magnum-PSI

Magnum-PSI Team, T.W. Morgan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

In this paper we present results from plasma testing and thermal analysis of a lithium filled tubular heat pipe used as a replaceable plasma facing component (PFC) with no direct cooling. The tantalum envelope (19 mm diameter by 197 mm long) was heated on its side wall using a hydrogen plasma beam in the linear plasma device Magnum-PSI. A single continuous plasma pulse lasting ˜2 h was carried out with the isothermal zone of the heat pipe operating at a temperature of ˜1000 °C for the whole time with the main heat removal via thermal radiation. Target tilting was used to vary the peak surface heat flux in the range 7.5–13 MW/m2. The tilting also increased the magnetic field component normal to the return flow of lithium via the sintered niobium wick to ˜0.85 T. Near infra-red thermography was used to measure the surface temperature. Heating power was increased until liquid lithium escaped through a crack in the heat pipe near the beam center. The impact of the lithium leak on the plasma was benign compared to that expected from leaks in helium or water cooled PFCs. The operating limit due to magnetohydrodynamic effects is calculated.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)482-485
Number of pages4
JournalFusion Engineering and Design
Volume146
Issue numberPart A
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2019
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Heat pipes
Lithium
Plasmas
Testing
Niobium
Plasma devices
Tantalum
Temperature
Helium
Heat radiation
Magnetohydrodynamics
Thermoanalysis
Heat flux
Hydrogen
Magnetic fields
Cooling
Cracks
Heating
Water
Liquids

Keywords

  • Fusion energy
  • Heat pipes
  • Lithium
  • Plasma facing components
  • Refractory metals
  • Thermal radiation

Cite this

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title = "Testing of a high temperature radiatively cooled Li/Ta heat pipe in Magnum-PSI",
abstract = "In this paper we present results from plasma testing and thermal analysis of a lithium filled tubular heat pipe used as a replaceable plasma facing component (PFC) with no direct cooling. The tantalum envelope (19 mm diameter by 197 mm long) was heated on its side wall using a hydrogen plasma beam in the linear plasma device Magnum-PSI. A single continuous plasma pulse lasting ˜2 h was carried out with the isothermal zone of the heat pipe operating at a temperature of ˜1000 °C for the whole time with the main heat removal via thermal radiation. Target tilting was used to vary the peak surface heat flux in the range 7.5–13 MW/m2. The tilting also increased the magnetic field component normal to the return flow of lithium via the sintered niobium wick to ˜0.85 T. Near infra-red thermography was used to measure the surface temperature. Heating power was increased until liquid lithium escaped through a crack in the heat pipe near the beam center. The impact of the lithium leak on the plasma was benign compared to that expected from leaks in helium or water cooled PFCs. The operating limit due to magnetohydrodynamic effects is calculated.",
keywords = "Fusion energy, Heat pipes, Lithium, Plasma facing components, Refractory metals, Thermal radiation",
author = "{Magnum-PSI Team} and G.F. Matthews and R.E. Nygren and T.W. Morgan and S.A. Silburn and P.R. Cooper and R. Otin and A. Tallarigo",
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Testing of a high temperature radiatively cooled Li/Ta heat pipe in Magnum-PSI. / Magnum-PSI Team ; Morgan, T.W.

In: Fusion Engineering and Design, Vol. 146, No. Part A, 09.2019, p. 482-485.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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