Ten lessons for good practice for the INHERIT triple win: health, equity, and environmental sustainability

Ruth Bell (Corresponding author), Matluba Khan, Maria Romeo-Velilla, Ingrid Stegeman, Alba Godfrey, Timothy Taylor, George Morris, Brigit Staatsen, Nina van der Vliet, Hanneke Kruize, Kirsti Sarheim Anthun, Monica Lillefjell, Geir Arild Espnes, Aline Chiabai, Silvestre García de Jalón, Sonia Quiroga, Pablo Martinez-Juarez, Vojtěch Máca, Iva Zvěřinová, Milan ŠčasnýSibila Marques, Daniela Craveiro, Joyce Westerink, Hanne Spelt, Pania Karnaki, Rosa Strube, Anne Sophie Merritt, Marita Friberg, Nathalie Bélorgey, Marjolijn Vos, Dragan Gjorgjev, Inese Upelniece, Caroline Costongs

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)
142 Downloads (Pure)


The world’s challenges of climate change, damage to ecosystems, and social and health inequalities require changes in human behaviours at every level of organisation, among governments, business, communities, and individuals. An important question is how behaviour change can be enabled and supported at the scale and speed required. The research reported in this paper describes important lessons for good practice in changing contexts to modify behaviours for a triple win for health, equity and environmental sustainability. Authors synthesised learning from qualitative, quantitative and cost benefit evaluations of 15 case studies conducted in 12 countries in Europe. The case studies address ways of living (green spaces and energy efficient housing), moving (active transport) and consuming (healthy and sustainable diets) that support the triple win. Ten lessons for good practice were identified. These include bringing a triple win mindset to policy and practice in planning interventions, with potential to improve environmental sustainability, health and equity at the same time. The lessons for good practice are intended to support governmental and non-governmental actors, practitioners and researchers planning to work across sectors to achieve mutual benefits for health and environmental sustainability and in particular to benefit poorer and more socio-economically disadvantaged groups.

Original languageEnglish
Article number4546
Number of pages16
JournalInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Issue number22
Publication statusPublished - 17 Nov 2019


  • Behaviour change
  • Co-creation
  • Consuming
  • Environmental sustainability
  • Equity
  • Health
  • Living
  • Moving
  • Policy and practice
  • Urban settings


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