Taking thermal regulation models from the lab to the world: Are current views ready for the challenge?

S. Vesela, B.R.M. Kingma, A.J.H. Frijns

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademicpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)
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Current thermoregulation and coupled thermal sensation models are mostly based on and validate for laboratory settings. In order to investigate the performance of a thermoregulation model in practical settings, this study collects data in experiments undertaken in everyday situations from sitting in the office (1 met) to walking outdoors (2.8-2.9 met). Also, the clothing consists of realistic outfits with a variation in upper body clothing insulation (0.55-1.14 clo). Six combinations of activity levels and insulation values are followed by 3 male and 2 female individuals. Overall, the computed mean skin temperature is in good agreement with measured data. For averaged distal skin temperature (hand and foot) high variations are found. The temperature deviation might be caused by either false heat delivery via skin blood flow or misestimated heat losses. For further research it is suggested to measure skin blood flow in similar experiments. A difference between male and female subjects is seen especially for proximal skin temperatures (thorax and abdomen). Therefore, physiological differences between males and females have to be incorporated in the model. Furthermore, clothing insulation has an impact on the temperature differences of the data and hence, also needs revision especially with regard to local insulation values.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationHealthy Buildings Europe 2015, 18-20 May 2015, Eindhoven, The Netherlands
EditorsM. Loomans, M. Kulve, te
Publication statusPublished - 2015
EventHealthy Buildings Europe 2015, HB 2015 - Eindhoven University of Technology, Eindhoven, Netherlands
Duration: 18 May 201520 May 2015


ConferenceHealthy Buildings Europe 2015, HB 2015
Abbreviated titleHB 2015 Europe
Internet address


  • Case study
  • Thermal models
  • Thermal regulation
  • Thermal sensation


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