Systematics of the magnetic-Prandtl-number dependence of homogeneous, isotropic magnetohydrodynamic turbulence

G. Sahoo, P. Perlekar, R. Pandit

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Abstract

We present the results of our detailed pseudospectral direct numerical simulation (DNS) studies, with up to 10243 collocation points, of incompressible, magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) turbulence in three dimensions, without a mean magnetic field. Our study concentrates on the dependence of various statistical properties of both decaying and statistically steady MHD turbulence on the magnetic Prandtl number PrM over a large range, namely 0.01=PrM=10. We obtain data for a wide variety of statistical measures, such as probability distribution functions (PDFs) of the moduli of the vorticity and current density, the energy dissipation rates, and velocity and magnetic-field increments, energy and other spectra, velocity and magnetic-field structure functions, which we use to characterize intermittency, isosurfaces of quantities, such as the moduli of the vorticity and current density, and joint PDFs, such as those of fluid and magnetic dissipation rates. Our systematic study uncovers interesting results that have not been noted hitherto. In particular, we find a crossover from a larger intermittency in the magnetic field than in the velocity field, at large PrM, to a smaller intermittency in the magnetic field than in the velocity field, at low PrM. Furthermore, a comparison of our results for decaying MHD turbulence and its forced, statistically steady analogue suggests that we have strong universality in the sense that, for a fixed value of PrM, multiscaling exponent ratios agree, at least within our error bars, for both decaying and statistically steady homogeneous, isotropic MHD turbulence.
Original languageEnglish
Article number013036
Pages (from-to)013036-1/49
Number of pages49
JournalNew Journal of Physics
Volume13
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011

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