Systematic comparison of force fields for microscopic simulations of NaCl in aqueous solutions : diffusion, free energy of hydration, and structural properties

M. Patra, M.E.J. Karttunen

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    188 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    In this article we compare different force fields that are widely used (Gromacs, Charmm-22/x-Plor, Charmm-27, Amber-1999, OPLS-AA) in biophysical simulations containing aqueous NaCl. We show that the uncertainties of the microscopic parameters of, in particular, sodium, and, to a lesser extent, chloride, translate into large differences in the computed radial-distribution functions. This uncertainty reflect the incomplete experimental knowledge of the structural properties of ionic aqueous solutions at finite molarity. We discuss possible implications on the computation of potential of mean force and effective potentials. Keywords: electrolytes; force fields; molecular dynamics
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)678-689
    JournalJournal of Computational Chemistry
    Volume25
    Issue number5
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2004

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