Synthesis of yttrium oxide nanoparticles via a facile microplasma-assisted process

Liangliang Lin, Sergey A. Starostin, Sirui Li, Saif A. Khan, Volker Hessel

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Abstract

Plasma electrochemistry is an emerging technique for nanomaterial synthesis. The present study reports the preparation of yttrium oxide nanoparticles via a simple, environmentally benign, microplasma-assisted process operated in pin-to-liquid configuration under ambient atmospheric conditions using yttrium nitrate aqueous solution as the precursor. The plasma-liquid interaction was monitored in-situ by optical emission spectroscopy. The morphology, structure and chemical composition of the obtained products were examined by complementary analytical methods. It was demonstrated that high purity crystalline Y2O3 nanoparticles with adjustable sizes can be fabricated via a two-step method: plasma electrodeposition of yttrium hydroxide followed by heat-treatment at various temperatures. A microplasma array design was proposed for the process upscaling towards industrial level production. Moreover, possible mechanisms for plasma-assisted yttrium hydroxide precipitation were discussed by correlating optical emission spectroscopic studies, plasma kinetic analysis and the precipitation equilibrium. As a proof-of-concept, this process offers a facile, environmental friendly and scalable route for rare-earth oxide nanomaterial synthesis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)157-166
Number of pages10
JournalChemical Engineering Science
Volume178
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 16 Mar 2018

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Keywords

  • Electrochemistry
  • Micro reactor
  • Microplasma
  • Plasma-liquid interaction
  • YO nanoparticles

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