Synthesis of edge-enriched WSon high surface area WSframework by atomic layer deposition for electrocatalytic hydrogen evolution reaction

Shashank Balasubramanyam, Matthew A. Bloodgood, Yue Zhang, Marcel A. Verheijen, Wilhelmus M.M. Kessels, Jan P. Hofmann, Ageeth A. Bol (Corresponding author)

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Abstract

Transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDs) are promising electrocatalysts for the hydrogen evolution reaction (HER). Several approaches have been adopted to increase the density of the catalytically active edge-sites of TMDs including the use of high surface area 3D templates. In this work, we report the implementation of a high surface area WS2 framework grown using plasma-enhanced atomic layer deposition (PEALD) as templates to support edge-enriched PEALD grown WS2 electrocatalyst films. We show that these combined WS2 template-electrocatalyst configurations show better HER performance than the individual constituents. Material properties of the combined configurations including morphology and composition are investigated. A correlation between material properties and the HER performance is observed. This facile pathway could lead to a new route for creating high surface area electrocatalyst systems via PEALD.

Original languageEnglish
Article number062201
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Vacuum Science and Technology A
Volume38
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2020

Funding

This work has been funded by the European Research Council (Grant Agreement No. 648787-ALDof2DTMDs). The authors acknowledge the technical support offered by M. Dijstelbloem, C. van Helvoirt, and J. van Gerwen. Solliance and the Dutch province of Noord-Brabant are acknowledged for funding the TEM facility. Beatriz Barcones is acknowledged for the FIB preparation of the TEM samples.

FundersFunder number
Horizon 2020 Framework Programme648787
European Research Council

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