Synthesis of a green nano-silica material using beneficiated waste dunites and its application in concrete

A. Lazaro Garcia, G. Quercia, H.J.H. Brouwers, J.W. Geus

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Abstract

Nano-silica, one of the substances boosting the field of nanomaterials, can be produced by dissolving olivine in acid. The dissolution of olivine is a convenient alternative route to the existing methods of nano-silica production (neutralization of sodium silicate and flame hydrolysis) because the olivine dissolution is a low temperature process making this method cheaper and greener. Furthermore, this process can use waste olivine materials for the production of nano-silica. The produced nano-silica has a specific surface area between 100 and 400 m2/g; a primary particle size between 10 and 25 nm, which are agglomerated in clusters; and an impurity content below 5 wt.%. In addition, olivine nano-silica can be classified as a pozzolanic material with an activity index of 101 %. The optimum replacement level of olivine nano-silica in conventional vibrated concrete is around 5% by volume resulting in: 1) a compressive strength increase of 20 %; 2) a CO2 emission reduction of 3 %. Therefore, the use of the olivine nano-silica in CVC does not only improve the compressive strength but also reduces the CO2 emissions.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)41-51
JournalWorld Journal of Nano Science and Engineering
Volume2013
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

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