Synthesis and photopolymerizations of new crosslinkers for dental applications

M.B. Yagci, B. Ayfer, A.Z. Albayrak, D. Avci

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11 Citations (Scopus)


Five new crosslinkers for use in dental composites were synthesized. Four are based on TBHMA: 1 via reaction of TBBr and Bisphenol A; 2 by hydrolysis of t-butyl groups of the first monomer to give a diacid derivative; 3 by conversion of the first monomer to an amide derivative using benzyl amine; 4 by conversion of the first monomer to amide derivative using APTES. The AHM-based monomer 5 was synthesized from the Michael addition of APTES to AHM. The photopolymerization behaviors of the synthesized monomers with Bis-GMA, TEGDMA and HEMA were investigated using photodifferential scanning calorimetry at 40 °C using DMPA as photoinitiator. The polymerization rates and degrees of conversion for mixtures of any of the monomers 1-4 with Bis-GMA:TEGDMA were found to be similar to Bis-GMA:TEGDMA, higher than Bis-GMA:HEMA, and also higher than mixtures with Bis-GMA:HEMA. The incorporation of TBHMA-based monomers into the conventional resin mixture (Bis-GMA and TEGDMA) reduced the polymerization shrinkages. Monomer 5 and its mixtures polymerized much faster and to higher degrees of conversion than the other investigated systems, however, this system exhibited the largest volume shrinkage
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)336-344
JournalMacromolecular Materials and Engineering
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2006


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