Synergistic protein secretion by mesenchymal stromal cells seeded in 3D scaffolds and circulating leukocytes in physiological flow

V. Ballotta, A.I.P.M. Smits, A. Driessen - Mol, C.V.C. Bouten, F.P.T. Baaijens

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Abstract

Mesenchymal stromal cells (MSC) play an important role in natural wound healing via paracrine and juxtacrine signaling to immune cells. The aim of this study was to identify the signaling factors secreted by preseeded cells in a biomaterial and their interaction with circulating leukocytes, in the presence of physiological biomechanical stimuli exerted by the hemodynamic environment (i.e. strain and shear flow). Electrospun poly(e-caprolactone)-based scaffolds were seeded with human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) or MSC. Protein secretion was analyzed under static conditions and cyclic strain. Subsequently, the cross-talk between preseeded cells and circulating leukocytes was addressed by exposing the scaffolds to a suspension of PBMC in static transwells and in pulsatile flow. Our results revealed that PBMC exposed to the scaffold consistently secreted a cocktail of immunomodulatory proteins under all conditions tested. Preseeded MSC, on the other hand, secreted the trophic factors MCP-1, VEGF and bFGF. Furthermore, we observed a synergistic upregulation of CXCL12 gene expression and a synergistic increase in bFGF protein production by preseeded MSC exposed to PBMC in pulsatile flow. These findings identify CXCL12 and bFGF as valuable targets for the development of safe and effective acellular instructive grafts for application in in situ cardiovascular regenerative therapies. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)9100-9113
Number of pages14
JournalBiomaterials
Volume35
Issue number33
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

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