Syllectometry : the effect of aggregometer geometry in the assessment of red blood cell shape recovery and aggregation

J.G.G. Dobbe, G.J. Streekstra, J. Strackee, M.C.M. Rutten, J.M.A. Stijnen, C.A. Grimbergen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

32 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Syllectometry is a measuring method that is commonly used to assess red blood cell (RBC) aggregability. In syllectometry, light is incident on a layer of whole blood initially exposed to shear flow. The backscattered light is measured after abruptly stopping the driving mechanism. The resultant time-dependent intensity plot is called the syllectogram. Parameters that quantify RBC aggregability are obtained by analyzing the syllectogram. As we will show in this paper, the upstroke in the initial part of the syllectogram contains the information for measurement of RBC-shape recovery in whole blood as well. To estimate RBC-shape recovery, we extended the existing two-exponential mathematical representation of the syllectogram by a third exponent that describes the upstroke. To investigate the feasibility of RBC-shape recovery measurement from the upstroke, we derived an analytical model of the flow decay that follows after abruptly stopping the driving mechanism. The model reveals that for large gaps the flow decay may interfere with the true RBC-shape recovery process. These theoretical findings were confirmed by velocity measurements in a Couette-type aggregometer. Syllectograms obtained using large gaps differ in many respects from those obtained using small gaps. As predicted by our model large gaps show a prolonged apparent shape-recovery time-constant. Moreover, a delayed intensity peak, a reduced upstroke of the intensity peak and a considerable increase of the half-life parameter are observed. The aggregation indices for large gaps are lower than for small gaps. This paper yields a better understanding of the velocity and shear-rate decay following upon abruptly stopping the driving mechanism. A better mathematical representation of the syllectogram and recommendations for a maximum gap width enables both RBC-shape recovery and aggregation measurements in whole blood using syllectometry.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)97-106
JournalIEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering
Volume50
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2003

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