SWNT probed by multi-frequency EPR and microwave absorption

B. Corzilius, K.P. Dinse, K. Hata, M. Haluska, V. Skakalova, S. Roth

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Abstract

In addition to g = 2.00 signals seen frequently in EPR spectra of SWNT, signals at g = 2.07 of SWNT prepared by CVD were detected, exhibiting a Pauli susceptibility temperature dependence. This Pauli magnetism in combination with the large g shift is taken as evidence that these signals originate from itinerant electrons of metallic nanotubes. At temperatures below 150 K, a dominant narrow signal develops at g = 2.00. By applying multifrequency EPR up to 319 GHz, its inhomogeneous nature was confirmed. This signal is assigned to defects of the carbon network of the tubes. Comparing room temperature EPR spectra of CVD and arc-grown SWNT, we found a much lower concentration of metallic tubes in arc material. No g = 2.07 signals of itinerant spins could be observed, which might be also caused by the high amount of residing catalyst. A drastic increase in nonresonant microwave absorption is observed below 10 K for both types of samples, if a threshold microwave power level is passed. In the same temperature range a drop in EPR intensity is also detected. These observations are taken as evidence for a transition into a superconducting phase of part of the sample.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2251-2254
JournalPhysica Status Solidi B
Volume245
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008

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