Surface characterization of drying acrylic latex dispersions with variable methacrylic acid content using surface dilatational rheology

Benjamin Voogt, Paul Venema, Leonard Sagis, Henk Huinink (Corresponding author), Bart Erich, Jurgen Scheerder, Olaf Adan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Hypothesis: Drying of latex dispersions often results in particle gradients at the latex-air interface. We expect that, by increasing the carboxylic acid content of latex particles, inter-particle interactions at the interface change. With dilatational rheology one could detect particle-particle interactions in an early stage of the drying process and elucidate the nature of these interactions. Experiments: Acrylic latex dispersions were prepared with different amounts of methacrylic acid (MAA), ranging from 2 to 10 wt% on dry mass. Dilatational rheology studies during drying at different relative humidities RH were performed using profile analysis tensiometry. Visco-elastic properties of latex surfaces were used to identify inter-particle interactions at the surfaces depending on the drying rate and particle composition. Findings: Drying at 85% RH did not show significant changes of the mechanical properties of the latex surfaces. Drying at 65 and 53% RH resulted in a change of the mechanical properties, ultimately showing non-linear visco-elastic behavior. This indicates that capillary and/or Van der Waals forces were operating between particles at the surface. With increasing MAA content the viscous contribution decreased, possibly due to the formation of more gel-like structures at the particle surface due to higher solubility of polymer segments near to the surface.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)584-591
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Colloid and Interface Science
Volume556
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Nov 2019

Keywords

  • Dilatational rheology
  • Drying
  • Interface
  • Latex
  • Methacrylic acid

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