Supersonic Fe beam source for chromatic aberration-free laser focusing of atoms

R.C.M. Bosch, H.C.W. Beijerinck, P. Straten, van der, K.A.H. Leeuwen, van

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    A monochromatic Fe beam is generated by heated supersonic expansion of argon seeded with Fe vapor. At a nozzle temperature of 1930 K and 800 torr argon inlet pressure the Fe beam has an axial velocity spread of 8% and intensity of 3x10^15 s^-1 sr^-1, corresponding to a deposition rate of 10 nm/h at 150 mm from the nozzle. The two-chamber alumina crucibles are chemically stable for liquid Fe. With 400 mm^3 Fe we have operated for more than 200 hours without reloading. The power consumption at 1930 K is 750 W. Temperature stability at constant power (without feedback) is better than 30 K. The source is intended for deposition of nanostructures by laser focusing of the Fe beam. The small axial velocity spread virtually eliminates the increase in focal spot size due to chromatic aberration.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)221-227
    JournalEuropean Physical Journal : Applied Physics
    Issue number3
    Publication statusPublished - 2002


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