Study of morphological hysteresis in partially immiscible polymers

C. Tufano, G.W.M. Peters, P.C.J. Puyvelde, van, H.E.H. Meijer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The morphology evolution of two systems of partially immiscible polymers, differing in miscibility, is investigated by means of rheological experiments and optical microscopy. For each system, two concentrations, 10% and 20%, are used. For immiscible systems, a hysteresis zone, defined by coalescence and breakup, exists where the average drop radius is not a unique function of the shear rate. We investigate whether the findings also apply to partially immiscible polymers. The average radii at different shear rates, measured with rheology, are compared to model predictions. The hysteresis zone, if present, is indeed affected by the polymeric system, the concentration and the flow history applied. Coalescence evolution is measured for three different step-downs in shear rate. For both 10% systems, the resulting average radii show a rather high scattering and do not match the theoretical predictions. For the 20% concentrations, the average experimental drop sizes seem independent of the magnitude of the step-down, at least during a certain period of time. Thereafter, it experiences a sudden, in the time scale of the experiments unbounded, increase in size that is more pronounced for the higher step-downs. Deviations of the experimental data from theoretical predictions are attributed to the partially immiscible character of the systems, yielding enhanced coalescence which, in turn, can induce confinement effects.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)343-358
JournalRheologica Acta
Volume48
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009

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