Structure–property relationships of reactively compatibilized PHB/EVA/starch blends

P. Ma, P. Xu, M. Chen, W. Dong, Xiaoxia Cai, P. Schmit, A.B. Spoelstra, P.J. Lemstra

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

    28 Citations (Scopus)
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    Abstract

    A method is addressed to prepare poly(hydroxybutyrate)/poly(ethylene-co-vinyl acetate)/starch (PHB/EVA/starch) blends with fine dispersion of starch, i.e. by an in situ compatibilization in the presence of maleic anhydride (MA) and peroxide. The starch particle size is reduced from hundreds-µm to sub-µm after the compatibilization accompanied by an improvement in interfacial adhesion. Meanwhile, starch-in-EVA-type morphology is observed in the blends. The EVA and starch gradually changed into a (partially) co-continuous phase with increasing MA content. Consequently, toughness of the blends was improved as evidenced by an increase in elongation at break and tensile-fracture energy (work). Cavitation, fibrillation and matrix yielding are regarded as the toughening mechanism for the compatibilized blends. In addition, the Tg of the EVA phase is dependent on its phase morphology in the blends while the thermal behavior of the PHB was only slightly affected by the compatibilization.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)299-306
    Number of pages8
    JournalCarbohydrate Polymers
    Volume108
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2014

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