This paper considers a number of structural properties of reflected Lévy processes, where both onesided reflection (at 0) and two-sided reflection (at both 0 and K > 0) are examined. With Vt being the position of the reflected process at time t, we focus on the analysis of ¿(t) := EVt and ¿(t) := VarVt.
We prove that for the one- and two-sided reflection we have ¿(t) is increasing and concave, whereas for the one-sided reflection we also show that ¿(t) is increasing. In most proofs we first establish the claim for the discrete-time counterpart (that is, a reflected random walk), and then we use a limiting argument. A key step in our proofs for the two-sided reflection is a new representation of the position of the reflected process in terms of the driving Lévy process.