String stability : from theory to practice

G. Lijster, H. Nijmeijer (Supervisor), T.H.A. van den Broek (Supervisor)

Research output: Book/ReportReportAcademic

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Abstract

Mobility has always been a very important topic for society. With the growing amount of traffic congestions, answers have to be found to solve them. Roughly 30% of all the traffic congestions are so called shockwave traffic jams. These shockwave traffic jams are caused by amplification of fluctuations in traffic. To reduce these traffic congestions a lot of research focuses on so called Cooperative Driving Systems (CDS). One example of this is: Cooperative Adaptive Cruise Control (CACC). This is Adaptive Cruise Control (ACC) extended with communication. This communication makes the vehicles able to react earlier on actions of their predecessors. Goal of this system is to make a flow of traffic (or string of vehicles) so called ‘string stable’. This is achieved when fluctuations in traffic are damped out in an upstream direction, what prevents shockwave traffic jams. This improves overall throughput and therefore mobility. There is over 20 years of literature available about ‘string stability’. However, almost all of the literature is theoretical and assumes that there is a model available of the string behaviour. In practice this is almost never the case, so it is difficult to apply this theory. This research creates this missing link between practice and theory by proposing methods to determine the vehicle following behaviour (and therefore the string stability). This is done from measurement data obtained from practical tests. This missing link, and the designed methods, are needed to be able to test a designed vehicle following system like CACC. For example, after experiments are performed, to be able to apply methods to validate the string behaviour and therefore the performance of the system. This is a necessary step to validate, in the end, a finished product. Where after the product can be implemented on the public road. This research results in the design of two methods, one defined in the time domain and one in the frequency domain. The time domain method is an analysis on measurement data that uses the theory of norms: a norm analysis. The frequency domain approach uses the theory of system identification to identify the string stability bode diagram from measurement data. Both methods give positive results in their ability to determine the string stability from measurement data. The system identification method results in more knowledge about the model, where the norm analysis only results in knowledge about the analyzed piece of data. On the other side, system identification requires some characteristics of the measurement data, e.g. long data sequences and a frequency spectrum that contains a lot of frequencies. This is necessary to determine an accurate bode diagram. The requirements for the measurement data of the norm analysis are less strict. This research does not only result in ways to determine string stability, but next to this, more insight is gained in how to design proper tests. Proper tests, to test vehicle following systems in a way that results in useful measurement data to determine the string behaviour. Knowledge about the string behaviour is an indication of the performance of the system. The link between practice and theory is crucial to implement CACC on the public road.
Original languageEnglish
Place of PublicationEindhoven
PublisherEindhoven University of Technology
Publication statusPublished - 2011

Publication series

NameD&C
Volume2011.018

Bibliographical note

Traineeship report. - DC 2011.018

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