Stimuli-Responsive Shape Changing Commodity Polymer Composites and Bilayers

Rob C.P. Verpaalen, Tom Engels, Albert P.H.J. Schenning (Corresponding author), Michael G. Debije (Corresponding author)

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

38 Citations (Scopus)


Commodity polymers are produced in large volumes, providing robust mechanical properties at relatively low costs. The products made from these commodity polymers typically offer only static functionalities. Over the past decade, however, in the scientific literature, stimuli-responsive additives and/or polymer coatings have been introduced to commodity polymers, yielding composites and bilayers that change shape in response to light, temperature, and/or humidity. These stimuli responsive commodity polymers allow the marketing and sales of these otherwise bulk products as "high-end" smart materials for applications spanning from soft actuators to adaptive textiles. This Spotlight on Applications presents an overview of recent intriguing works on how shape changing commodity polymer composite and bilayer actuators based on polyamide 6, poly(ethylene terephthalate), polyethylene, and polypropylene have been fabricated that respond to environmental stimuli and discusses their potential applications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)38829-38844
Number of pages16
JournalACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Issue number35
Publication statusPublished - 2 Sept 2020


  • commodity polymers
  • shape changing polymers
  • smart textile
  • soft actuators
  • stimuli-responsive materials


Dive into the research topics of 'Stimuli-Responsive Shape Changing Commodity Polymer Composites and Bilayers'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this