Steady entry flow in a curved pipe

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Laser-Doppler velocity measurements were performed on the entry flow in a 90° bend of circular cross-section with a curvature ratio a/R = 1/6. The steady entry velocity profile was parabolic, having a Reynolds number Re = 700, with a corresponding Dean number ¿ = 286. Both axial and secondary velocities were measured, enabling a detailed description of the complete flow field. The secondary flow at the entrance of the bend was measured to be directed completely towards the inner bend. Significant disturbance of the axial velocity field was not measured until a downstream distance (aR)½. Maximum secondary velocities were measured at 1.7 (aR)½ downstream from the inlet. The development of the axial flow field can be quite well explained from the secondary velocity field.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)233-246
JournalJournal of Fluid Mechanics
Publication statusPublished - 1987


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