Stall in yawed flow conditions: A correlation of blade element momentum predictions with experiments

W. Haans, T. Sant, G.A.M. Kuik, van, G.J.W. Bussel, van

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    17 Citations (Scopus)
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    Abstract

    Yawed flow conditions introduce unsteady loads in a wind turbine that affect generated power quality and fatigue life. An unsteady phenomenon of special concern is dynamic stall, due to the significant load fluctuations associated with it. Although the assumptions underlying blade element momentum (BEM) models are totally inadequate in yawed flow conditions, these models, modified with engineering models, are still widely used in industry. It is therefore relevant to assess the capabilities of BEM models in predicting the location of dynamic stall on the blade for a rotor in yawed flow conditions. A rotor model is placed in an open jet wind tunnel and tested in yawed flow conditions. The locations of dynamic stall on the blade of a rotor model as a function of the blade position are observed. Two experimental techniques are used; tufts glued to the blade and hot-film anemometry in the near wake. The results from the two techniques are compared and possible causes for differences are identified. Furthermore, the rotor model in yaw is modeled with a simple BEM model, utilizing a Gormont dynamic stall model. The regions of dynamic stall on the blades predicted by the BEM model are compared with the experimental results. The BEM model seems capable of a crude prediction of the dynamic stall locations found for the rotor model in yawed flow conditions. Copyright © 2006 by ASME.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)472-480
    Number of pages9
    JournalJournal of Solar Energy Engineering
    Volume128
    Issue number4
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2006

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