Stable and unstable monopolar vortices in a stratified fluid

J.-B. Flór, G.J.F. Heijst, van

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

49 Citations (Scopus)


This paper presents experiments on planar monopolar vortex structures generated in a non-rotating, stratified fluid. In order to study the dynamics of such planar vortices in the laboratory, angular momentum was generated in a specific horizontal layer of the stratified fluid, by using three different generation mechanisms. The lens-shaped monopolar vortices thus created were in some cases stable and conserved their circular symmetry, while in other cases they appeared to be unstable, leading to the formation of a multipoled vortex with a different topology. Characteristics such as cross-sectional profiles (angular velocity and vorticity) and vorticity-stream function scatter plots have been measured experimentally by using digital image processing techniques. The characteristics of the monopolar vortices are compared with analytical vortex models known from literature. Simple models, based on vertical diffusion of vorticity, are proposed to describe the monopolar vortex decay; they show reasonable agreement with the experimental results. From the multipolar structures, the tripolar vortex and a specific case of a triangular vortex, neither having been observed before in a stratified fluid, are studied in detail. A comparison with point-vortex models yields good agreement. Although these multipolar vortices appear to persist for a long while, they are found eventually to be unstable and to transform into a monopolar vortex.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)257-287
Number of pages31
JournalJournal of Fluid Mechanics
Publication statusPublished - 1996


Dive into the research topics of 'Stable and unstable monopolar vortices in a stratified fluid'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this