We present unconditionally energy-stable second-order time-accurate schemes for diffuse-interface (phase-field) models; in particular, we consider the Cahn–Hilliard equation and a diffuse-interface tumor-growth system consisting of a reactive Cahn–Hilliard equation and a reaction–diffusion equation. The schemes are of the Crank–Nicolson type with a new convex–concave splitting of the free energy and an artificial-diffusivity stabilization. The case of nonconstant mobility is treated using extrapolation. For the tumor-growth system, a semi-implicit treatment of the reactive terms and additional stabilization are discussed. For suitable free energies, all schemes are linear. We present numerical examples that verify the second-order accuracy, unconditional energy-stability, and superiority compared with their first-order accurate variants.
|Journal||International Journal for Numerical Methods in Biomedical Engineering|
|Publication status||Published - Feb 2014|